The earliest find of a rod arm ring is from the Norwegian Hon hoard [SHEEHAN 1992:fig.4] and dated after c.860 [GRAHAM-CAMPBELL 1980]:p.143 cat.486. This type of arm ring does not begin to occur commonly in other parts of Scandinavia until after the middle of the 10th century where it becomes common after 975AD in southern Swedish, Gotlandic and Danish hoards. It remains common in Gotlandic hoards well into the 11th century [SHEEHAN 1992:fig.4]
The most typical group of Scandinavian arm rings in use from the late Vendel period to the Viking Age [GRAHAM-CAMPBELL 1980]:cat.227.
- Denmark, Brahesminde, Fyn, Denmark. Silver [GRAHAM-CAMPBELL 1980]:cat.227
- Sweden, Birka. Bronze [GRAHAM-CAMPBELL 1980]:cat.228
Only found in Denmark and Gotland and probably imported from the Bulgar state on the central Volga [ROESDAHL & WILSON 1992]:p.265 cat.147
- Denmark, Illebolle, Langeland. Tree of life [ROESDAHL & WILSON 1992]:cat. 147